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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

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— population 2}773— according to modern Hindu belief the home
of Krishna's favourite mistress EadMy is a town wMch enjoyed a brief period of
great prosperity about the middle of last centary. It is "built at the foot and
oa the slope of a ridge, originally dedicated to the god Bralimaj vhict rises
abruptly from Hie plam? near the Biarat-piir border of Łke CHiata pargana, to
a height of some 200 feet at its extreme point, and runs in a south-westerly
direction for about % quarter of a mile. Its summit is crowned by a series of
temples in honour of LfclirJi, a local title of BMMj meaning *the beloved**
These were aH erected at intervals •within the last two hundred years, and now
form a connected mass of building with a lofty wall enclosing the court in which
they stand. Eacb. of the successive shrines was oa a somewhat grander scale
than its predecessor^ and was for a time honoured with the presence of the
divinity ; but even the last and largest^ in wHci ske is now enthroned, is an
edifice of no special pretension ; Through seated, as it is, on the very brow of the
rock, and seen in conjunction with the earlier buildings, ii forms an imposing
feature in the landscape to the spectator from the plain below. A loag flight
of stone steps, broken about half way by a temple in honour of Badhas grand-
father, MaM-bM% leads down from the summit to the foot of the hill, wbere
are two other small temples. One of item is dedicated to Badha's female com-
panions, called ite SakMs? -who are eight in nnmber7 as follows : Lalita, VisakM,
Champakarlata, Eangs-devi^ Chitra-lefcha, DalelM, Sucievij, and Clmifimvali
The other contains a life-size image of the mythical Brikh-bhaa robed in appro-
priate costume and supported oa the one side by Ms daughter Radh&, and on
the otter by Sridama? a Paoranik cbaracter? here for the nonce represented as
her brother.

The town consists almost entirely of magnificent mansions all in riiinSj anil
lofty but crumbling walls now enclosing vast, desolate, dusty areas? which once
•were busy courts and markets or secluded pleasure grounds. All date from
the time of Blip Bam, a Katam Brahman, wto9 having acquired great reputa-
tion as a Pandit in the earlier part of last century ? became Purohit to Blmrat-piir,

* Both these interesting ptiees, as also BalftdeTaj are entirely omitted by Dr. Hunter to Mi
Imperial Gazetteer, and adl the places in tire district that fee does mention are described with re-
nmrk&bte inadequscj and inaccuracy, Appareni! j Ms lest of the impartince of aa j loealty la hit
oiro p ersonal connection with, it : beBDe the digpropor tionatc ieagbk of some of the Bengal ankkt.